Mr.Prince Botwey, who is also the administrator for politicsafrika.com in a discussion about deformed babies mentioned that “most of the deformed born babies are as a result of sexually transmitted diseases affecting both parents. Government and other health authorities should ensure deep education in especially villages, where we deem as deprived areas.
Some of these kids are mostly taken to the streetside to gain the sympathy of public for money for their health conditions or brought to the radio stations and televisions for help. This can be reduced through education mostly in the villages.”
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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HPV, can affect both your pregnancy and delivery.
Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs, are infections that are spread by having sex with someone who has an STD. Sexually transmitted diseases are passed on from sexual activity that involves the mouth, anus, or vagina.
- Genital herpes
- Hepatitis B
- Genital warts
- Trichomonas Vaginalis
Pregnant women with a STD may infect their baby before, during, or after the baby’s birth. For this reason, your healthcare provider will screen you for most STDs at your first prenatal visit. If you have sex with someone who is affected, after your initial screening, you will need to be tested again. Treatment of STDs is the best way to protect you and your baby.
How can sexually transmitted disease (STDs) affect my pregnancy and treatment options?
STDs in pregnancy can affect you and your developing baby:
Chlamydia: Pregnancy seems to be unaffected by chlamydia infection. However, infants exposed to the infection at birth can develop severe eye infections or pneumonia.
Treatment: Mothers with chlamydia are treated with antibiotics and all newborn babies are given antibiotic eye ointment after birth to prevent infections.
Genital herpes: Herpes infection in pregnant women is relatively safe until she gets ready to deliver. Active herpes lesions on the genitals are contagious and can infect the infant during childbirth. Thus, many women are delivered via cesarean section.
Treatment: Antiviral medications can be given. Cesarean section if indicated.
Gonorrhea: If contracted during pregnancy, the infection can cause mouth sores, fever and blood stream infections. The baby is usually unaffected, but if the baby is born while the mother has an active infection, the baby may develop an eye infection or blindness, joint infections, or blood infections.
Treatment: Mothers with gonorrhea are treated with antibiotics and all newborn babies are given antibiotic eye ointment after birth to prevent infections.
Hepatitis B: This is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. If a pregnant woman is infected with hepatitis B, she can transmit the infection to the fetus through the placenta, infecting the newborn baby. In addition, women with hepatitis B are more likely to have premature birth delivery. However, early screening and vaccination can prevent the worst outcomes of this infection.
Treatment: If you have hepatitis B, your doctor will give your newborn baby an injection of antibodies and a vaccine to prevent the baby from becoming infected.
HIV/AIDS: Thanks to the advent of powerful medication combinations, transmission of HIV infection to your infant is almost completely preventable. However, if the disease is passed on, the baby may develop the HIV infection.
Treatment: Although HIV/AIDS is an incurable disease, you can prevent transmitting the virus to your baby by taking various medications.
HPV/genital warts: It is a common STD that can present with lesions or may have no symptoms at all.
Treatment: If you contract genital warts during pregnancy, treatment may be delayed until after you deliver. Delivery is only affected if large genital warts are present, and your healthcare provider will discuss delivery options with you.
Syphilis: Syphilis is easily passed on to your unborn child and is likely to cause fatal infections. Untreated infants can be born premature or develop problems in multiple organs, including eyes, ears, heart, skin, and bones.
Treatment: Your healthcare provider will likely prescribe antibiotics to you during pregnancy to reduce the risk of transmission to your baby.
Trichomonas Vaginalis: This is a parasite that causes vaginal discharge. If left untreated, babies can be premature and have low birth weight.
Treatment: This infection is easily treatable with antibiotics.
If you are given an antibiotic to treat an STD, it’s important that you take all of your medicine, even if the symptoms go away. Also, never take someone else’s medicine to treat your illness. By doing so, you might make it more difficult to treat the infection. Likewise, you should not share your medicine with others.
Government and health authorities must take this up and provide much education on it to reduce the rate at which children become deformed after birth.